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Curriculum - Spring term 1


Maths - Decimals, Percentages and Algebra

For this half term, our maths focus is decimals. This will then be followed on with percentages which will involve percentages of amounts. It will then progress into converting between decimals and fractions and finding their equivalents. Nearing the end of the half term, the children will be introduced to algebra.


In order to make good progress during these units it is imperative that your child has a secure knowledge of their times tables. Please click on the resources below to help your child practice them at home. Children should be spending a minimum of ten minutes a day practicing their times tables up to 12 x 12.


Time Tables

We feel that it is vital that there is plenty of practice of times tables facts. This will help children with their future learning in many areas of mathematics.


To practice your times tables at home you can visit these websites:




In English, the children will be writing up an explanation text on the water cycle using their knowledge from our previous Geography Unit Rivers. They will then move on to inventing their own flying machines, labelling their diagrams and writing instructions on how it works. This will be written in the form of an instructional text. They will then end the term by writing some poetry using a range of figurative language.


These are some of the key skills we will be teaching in Writing:

  • choosing nouns or pronouns appropriately for clarity and cohesion and to avoid repetition
  • identifying and using powerful verbs
  • extending the range of sentences with more than one clause by using a wider range of conjunctions, including when, if, because, although
  • using commas after fronted adverbials
  • figurative language such as similes, metaphors, alliteration, onomatopoeia and personification.


To practise English skills, visit this website:

In Reading Pupils will be taught to:

  • develop positive attitudes to reading, and an understanding of what they read, by:

reading books that are structured in different ways and reading for a range of purposes.

using dictionaries to check the meaning of words that they have read.

identifying themes and conventions in a wide range of books.

discussing words and phrases that capture the reader’s interest and imagination

  • understand what they read, in books they can read independently, by:

checking that the text makes sense to them, discussing their understanding, and explaining the meaning of words in context

asking questions to improve their understanding of a text.

drawing inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions, and justifying inferences with evidence.

predicting what might happen from details stated and implied


We will also continue to practice joined up handwriting on a regular basis and working very hard on presenting any work beautifully and neatly.     



Science - Forces

This half term in science our topic is Forces.

A force causes an object to start/stop moving, speed up, slow down or change direction. Gravity is a force that acts at a distance. Everything is pulled to the Earth by gravity. This causes unsupported objects to fall.  Air resistance, water resistance and friction are contact forces that act between moving surfaces. The object may be moving through the air or water, or the air and water may be moving over a stationary object. 


A mechanism is a device that allows a small force to be increased to a larger force. The pay back is that it requires a greater movement. The small force moves a long distance and the resulting large force moves a small distance, e.g. a crowbar or bottle top remover. Pulleys, levers and gears are all mechanisms, also known as simple machines.



History - Persia and Greece

In History this half term, the children will learn about another Ancient civilisation – Persia and Greece.

In Mesopotamia, there was a king called Darius. Darius also ruled over other kingdoms that belonged to other kings. Darius ruled over the Persian Empire. Darius added the ancient civilisation of the Indus Valley to his empire. The Persians wanted to add the Greeks to their empire but the Greeks would fight back. Greece was organised into city-states called a Polis.


Athens and Sparta were very different in how they were ruled. Sparta had a king who ruled the city and he made all the laws. Athens did not have a king. In Athens, all free men helped to make new laws. Ancient Greeks believed in many different gods and goddesses. The Greeks believed these gods and goddesses controlled everything in their lives and in the world around them. Ancient Greeks loved stories. The Iliad (ill-ee-add) is one of Homer’s stories and it contains the famous tale of the Trojan horse.



Geography - Settlements            

Settlements is our Geography topic this half term.

A settlement can be very small or very big. There are four types of settlements: a hamlet, a village, a town and a city. A village will contain a church, a post office and a primary school. Towns are larger and have secondary schools as well as primary schools. A town will often have a hospital too. A town is an urban settlement that often has a railway station.


In the UK, if a town has a cathedral, it is called a city. Cities have many more facilities than towns. Cities have universities. Many cities will have an airport. The city of London today is a collection of many smaller towns and villages that have been joined together over many years to form one huge, sprawling city. Cardiff is the capital city of Wales. It lies on the river Taff and is smaller than London. 




This half term the children will be learning dance. The units of work develop from simple movements based on pupils' everyday experiences through to enabling them to create their own dances - as individuals, as groups and as a whole class. Week on week, the children will practice a choreographed dance routine.    





Health & Relationships Education

Our HRE focus will be looking at how we can take more responsibility for ourselves in terms of self-care and who cares for us as we grow older, including at secondary school.





In Art, children will be taught how to create Collage, Automatic Drawing & Sculpture using the works of artist Joan Miro as inspiration.






This half term during music, we will be learning the song ‘Make You Feel My Love’ by Adele. Each lesson will involve vocal warm ups, using musical instruments, learning the song, playing instruments to the song and improvising with the song. Getting the children ready for an end of unit performance.





RE - More Hindu stories

Some stories have special meanings for religious believers. What do ancient stories from the Indus valley tell us about early Hinduism? The epic poem, the Ramayana, tells the story of Rama & Sita. The story is loved by millions of Hindus around the world, because it tells people about how things work in the world, how to live a good life and how to live well together with others.


Another big idea in the story of Rama and Sita which is very important for Hindus is the idea of Dharma. Dharma can mean: a way of living, following the right path, duty, order and truth. We introduce the children to the festival of Diwali this term and look at the origins of the festival and how it is inspired by the story.




Click here to find home learning resources and useful websites to support the curriculum.